“Periodontics” refers to the health or disease of the structures that support each tooth in the mouth. Tiny fibers, ligaments, bone, and gum tissue must surround each individual tooth for constant support and stability. We emphasize the prevention of periodontal disease, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of existing diseases that impact the health of your smile. In fact, preventing or managing periodontal disease is a smart way to protect the overall health of your body, since gum disease is known to activate the body’s inflammatory response and aggravate existing health conditions.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is caused by chronic and progressive inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth. It’s the top cause of adult tooth loss and it is often attributed to an accumulation of plaque bacteria. Periodontal disease or gum disease generally includes red, swollen, or bleeding gums. The condition may or may not cause noticeable pain, making professional dental examinations a vital key to early detection.
The bacteria that live within the mouth tend to colonize in the layer of plaque that covers the teeth and gums. If the plaque bacteria are not removed thoroughly every day, it can begin to move between the teeth and the gums, causing an infection that is increasingly difficult to control. Eventually, the infection destroys the gums and connective tissues as well as the underlying jawbone. In time, you are likely to experienced bone loss, receding gums, and loose teeth.
Treating Periodontal Disease
With a professional examination, we can determine the extent and the cause of your gum disease in order to take the appropriate actions to manage it.
It may be necessary to perform a deep scaling procedure in which the bacterial plaque and tartar are removed from below the gum line. Removing the source of irritation and changing your homecare habits to prevent the accumulation of new plaque is the only way to stop the progression of the disease. More advanced cases of periodontal disease could require surgical intervention, antibiotic therapies, or tooth extractions.
Dr. Stevens will be happy to discuss your treatment options for the management of periodontal disease. Get more information by requesting an appointment for a personal consultation today.